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Can the three-dimensional heads-up display improve ergonomics, surgical performance, and ophthalmology training compared to conventional microscopy?

Poster Details

First Author: H. Bin Helayel SAUDI ARABIA

Co Author(s):    S. Al-Mazidi   A. AlAkeely                 

Abstract Details


To explore ophthalmic surgeons' opinions regarding three-dimensional heads-up display (3D HUD) use and investigate musculoskeletal (MSK) complaints among ophthalmologists.


cross-sectional study, online-survey.


Physicians were invited to complete an online questionnaire. Musculoskeletal complaints and data of the HUD system use were correlated with demographic information. We explored surgeons' feedback on image quality, depth perception, and educational value of 3D microscopy.


In this study, the prevalence of self-reported MSK pain was 82.6% (n=132). The pain started after joining ophthalmology and significantly improves on weekends and vacations. Most of the HUD system users were satisfied with depth perception, and many reported improvement in peripheral acuity. Nearly half of the participants believed they perform surgeries better through HUD; this was why most participants recommended its use in surgical training.


Heads-up display use provides more comfortable sitting positions for surgeons, superior depth perception, and serves as a better educational tool. We believe that adopting this technology may help improve career longevity and productivity.

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