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Subfoveal choroidal and central macula thickness after phacoemulsiﬁcation in patients with age-related macular degeneration
First Author: G. Gudauskiene LITHUANIA
Co Author(s): D. Zaliuniene
To evaluate the subfoveal choroidal (SFCT) and central macula thickness (CMT) after phacoemulsification in patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD).
A prospective clinical study was performed at the Department of Ophthalmology of the Hospital of Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas Clinics.
16 eyes of 16 patients (mean age 73.28ﾱ6.06 years) with senile cataract and AMD received uncomplicated phacoemulsi?cation and intraocular lens implantation. SFCT and CMT measurements were performed preoperatively (P), 1 month (M1) and 3 months (M3) after the surgery using 1050 nm DRI Triton SS-OCT (Topcon, Tokyo, Japan) at the same time 1-2 PM. The SFCT in the central ring (C) and CMT was automatically calculated using ETDRS grid.
Mean P SFCT was 174.25 (ﾱ89.91), M1 173.75. (ﾱ76.59), M3 183.69 (ﾱ93.82) ﾵm, p=0.004. Mean P CMT was 245.69 (ﾱ34.56), M1 266.31 (ﾱ73.44), M3 247.06 (ﾱ35.43) ﾵm, p=0.209.
There was a significant decrease in SFCT one month after the surgery. 3 months after phacoemulsification the SFCT was significantly increased comparing with the baseline SFCT in AMD patients. There was an insignificant increase in CMT one month after the surgery and decrease 3 months after phacoemulsification. Further investigations should be continued to confirm and better clarify our findings.
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