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Vienna 2018 Delegate Registration Programme Exhibition Virtual Exhibition Satellites 2018 Survey


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A comparison of hand-held, table-mounted autorefractors, and retinoscopy in children among different group ages

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Session Details

Session Title: Presented Poster Session: Training & Quality of Vision

Venue: Poster Village: Pod 3

First Author: : E.Karakosta GREECE

Co Author(s): :    G. Malouta   T. Vachtsevanos                    

Abstract Details


To compare the results of different refractive error measurement devices including table-mounted and hand-held autorefractors and retinocopy with and without cycloplegia.


Opsis Institute of Ophthalmology


We examined 127 children 5 to 10 years old who underwent full opthalmic examination. 254 eyes underwent autorefraction using table-mounted and hand-held autorefractors and retinoscopy with and without cycloplegia. All results were compared statistically.


The mean plus(+) spheric values of non-cycloplegic table-mounted autorefractor were found to be significantly lower. The difference was higher for the younger children. The cycloplegic table-mounted autorefractor measurements were found to be significantly higher than cycloplegic retinoscopy. No significantly statistically difference was found between hand-held autorefractor measurements and retinoscopy at spheric values and spherical equivalent values with cycloplegia. Without cycloplegia retinoscopy were 0.21 diopters higher at spheric values than hand-held autorefractor meauserments at ages after 7 years old which was no significant. The difference was higher for the younger children. The sensitivity in diagnostic astigmatism was high for all devices.


Cycloplegic retinoscopy and hand-held autorefractor after cycloplegia can be used both in examination for children. The cycloplegic retinoscopy remains the most reliable way especially for younger children.

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