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Incidence of vitamin D deficiency in patients with type II diabetes mellitus and its correlation to severity of retinopathy

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Session Details

Session Title: Glaucoma & Posterior Segment

Session Date/Time: Monday 24/09/2018 | 08:00-10:30

Paper Time: 09:36

Venue: Room A3, Podium 1

First Author: : A.Al Moosa BAHRAIN

Co Author(s): :    S. Ayachit                    

Abstract Details


TO find outthe prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in patients with type II Diabetes Mellitus and to explore relationship between deficiency of vitamin D and severity of diabetic retinopathy.


King Hamad University Hospital Kingdom of Bahrain


In this case-controlled observational series 200 patients with type II DM were included in the study. Patients who receive vitamin D supple-ments were excluded. Dilated fundus examination was done and retinopathy was classified into No DR , NPDR and PDR. Serum 25(OH)D was measured and classified into Normal (>30 ng/ml), In-sufficient (20-30 ng/ml) and Deficient (< 20 ng/ml).


• 92% of type II DM patients have low vitamin D ( insufficient & deficient ) • 58% of no DR group patients have vitamin D deficiency • 62% of NPDR group patients have vitamin D deficiency • 100% of PDR group patients have vitamin D deficiency


92% of TypeiiDM patients were found to have low vitamin D level (insufficient & deficient), however, in our study vitamin D level was significantly correlated with severity of diabetic retinopathy as 100% of PDR patients were deficient in vitamin D.we conclude that progress of retinopathy in type II Diabetis Mellitus patients can be delayed if they receive Vitamin D supplementation early on in the course of the disease.

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