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Prognostic factors of poor visual outcome in post-traumatic hyphema

Poster Details

First Author: M.Tijani MOROCCO

Co Author(s):    N. Al Baroudi   N. Boutimzine   O. Cherkaoui              

Abstract Details


To analyze risk factors of poor visual outcomes following post-traumatic hyphema


Ibn Sina university hospital (hôpital des spécialités), Department A of ophthalmology, Rabat, Morocco


In this retrospective study we reviewed the records of 69 patients admitted for blunt ocular trauma resulting in hyphema between January 2015 and January 2018. All patients underwent a complete ophthalmic examination. Demographic, clinical and therapeutic results were analyzed using SPSS® software.


There was a male dominance (92.8%). The median age (years) was 12[7.5-21]. A late onset of trauma (> 24 hours) was reported in 34.8% of cases. 50.7% of traumas occurred during assault. At the end of the follow up, 37.7% of patients had severe visual loss. This group of patients were adults (71.4%) with a delay of consultation in 62.5% of cases and a poor initial visual acuity (VA) in 53.1% of cases (p< 0.05). The grade 3 and 4 of hyphema, rebleeding, secondary glaucoma, cataract and posterior segment injury  were associated with poor visual outcome.


Initial VA, the onset of trauma before admission, the grade of hyphema and ocular complications are the prognostic factors of poor visual outcome following post-traumatic hyphema.

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