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The emergency department at an ophthalmological hospital in southern Brazil

Poster Details

First Author: F.Branco BRAZIL

Co Author(s):    A. Hagui   A. Rezende   B. Renaux   H. Teixeira   H. Moreira   F. Erthal     

Abstract Details


To determine the main ophthalmological acute diseases in two seasons of the year.


Hospital de Olhos do Paraná, Curitiba/PR, Brazil.


Retrospective study by reviewing medical records of the emergency department for 7 days of the summer and winter seasons. The ages, major complaints and diagnoses were organized into groups.


Of 2086 patients, conjunctivitis had 46.4% of diagnoses. Infective conjunctivitis (viral and bacterial) accounted for 57.1%, 46.7%, 57.6%, 59.3% and 54.7% of total conjunctivitis in the age groups of 0-9 years, 10-19 years, 20-39 years, 40-59 years and ≥60 years, respectively. In summer, the most prevalent type of conjunctivitis was allergic (34.7%), followed by viral (29.6%), bacterial (27.2%) and unspecified (8.5%). In the winter, the prevalence sequence was viral (35%), allergic (34.7%), bacterial (21.7%) and unspecified (8.6%). Furthermore, conjunctivitis was responsible for 78.5% of the diagnoses in the first decade of life versus 26.4% from the seventh decade.


The group of conjunctivitis had the higher prevalence among the diagnoses. Winter had a higher prevalence of general conjunctivitis. Both stations have more viral than bacterial cases, but viral cases were more expressive in the winter. Allergic conjunctivitis had the same prevalence in the analyzed seasons.

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