Official ESCRS | European Society of Cataract & Refractive Surgeons


Distinguishing highly-asymmetric keratoconus eyes using dual Scheimpflug/Placido analysis

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Session Details

Session Title: Keratoconus

Session Date/Time: Monday 16/09/2019 | 14:00-16:00

Paper Time: 14:42

Venue: Free Paper Forum: Podium 2

First Author: : J.Randleman USA

Co Author(s): :    O. Golan   A. Piccinini   S. Khandelwal                       

Abstract Details


To identify the best metrics or combination of metrics that provide the highest predictive power between normal eyes and the clinically unaffected eye of patients with highly asymmetric keratoconus using data from a Dual Scheimpflug/Placido device


Academic medical center


Combined Dual Scheimpflug/Placido imaging was obtained from the Galilei G 4 device (Ziemer Ophthalmic Systems AG; Port, Switzerland) in 31 clinically unaffected eyes with highly asymmetric keratoconus and 178 eyes from 178 patients with bilaterally normal corneal examinations that underwent uneventful LASIK with at least one year follow-up. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were generated to determine area under the curve (AUC), sensitivity, and specificity for 87 metrics, and logistic regression modeling was utilized to determine optimal variable combinations.


No individual metric achieved an AUC greater than 0.79. A combined model consisting of 9 metrics yielded an AUC of 0.96, with 90.3% sensitivity and 92.6% specificity. Among those 9 metrics included, 5 related to corneal pachymetry, Opposite Sector Index (OSI) and Anterior Height BFS Z from the anterior surface, Asphericity and Asymmetry Index (AAI), Posterior Height BFS Z, and Posterior Height BFS X from the posterior surface. The strongest variable in the model was the thinnest point location on the horizontal (x) axis.


While individual metrics performed poorly, using a combination of metrics from combined Dual Scheimpflug/Placido device provided a useful model for differentiating normal corneas from the clinically normal eyes of patients with highly asymmetric keratoconus. Pachymetry values were the most impactful metrics.

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