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Corneal volume measurements with Pentacam for detection of keratoconus and subclinical keratoconus

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Session Details

Session Title: Interactive Poster Session 01: Refractive

Session Date/Time: Saturday 13/09/2014 | 14:00-15:00

Paper Time: 14:50

Venue: Interactive Poster Terminal (Poster Village)

First Author: : H.Simsek TURKEY

Co Author(s): :    G. Kaya   Y. Yılmaz           

Abstract Details

Purpose:

To estimate the sensitivity and specificity of corneal volume (CV) measurements in discriminating keratoconus and subclinical keratoconus from normal corneas.

Setting:

Dunya Eye Hospital ,Department of Ophthalmologyi,Istanbul, Turkey

Methods:

Clinical records and Pentacam measurements of sixtypatients with keratoconus, 36 patients with subclinical keratoconus, and 90 refractive surgery candidates with normal corneas were evaluated retrospectively. CV within 3, 5, 7, and 10 mm circles around the central cornea was measured in one eye of each patient, using the Pentacam. CV measurements in keratoconus and subclinical keratoconus were compared with normal corneas. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to determine the test’s overall predictive accuracy and to identify optimal CV cutoff points to maximize sensitivity and specificity indiscriminating keratoconus and subclinical keratoconus from normal corneas.

Results:

Mean CV within a 3.0 mm circle around the central cornea was statistically lower in keratoconus (3.4±0.2 mm3, p<0.001) and subclinical keratoconus (3.6 ±0.2mm3, p<0.001) versus normal corneas (3.8 ±0.3mm3). ROC curve analysis showed high overall predictive accuracy of CV for keratoconus (area under the curve 0.92). Optimal cutoff points were 3.55 mm3 for keratoconus and 3.65 mm3 for subclinical keratoconus. These values provided sensitivity and specificity of 83% and 86%, respectively, for keratoconus, and 61% and 74% for subclinical keratoconus.

Conclusions:

CV within a 3.0 mm circle around the central cornea effectively discriminates keratoconus from normal corneas. However, its sensitivity and specificity are lower for subclinical keratoconus diagnosis.

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