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Long-term postoperative follow-up in congenital and developmental cataract

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Session Details

Session Title: Congenital Cataract Surgery

Session Date/Time: Sunday 14/09/2014 | 16:30-18:30

Paper Time: 17:06

Venue: Boulevard A

First Author: : R.Carelli ITALY

Co Author(s): :    A. Magli   R. Forte   A. Torre   G. Magli   F. Esposito  

Abstract Details

Purpose:

To evaluate longterm functional outcomes after surgery for congenital and developmental cataract.

Setting:

Pediatric Ophthalmology Unit of the University of Salerno (Italy), Pediatric Ophthalmology Unit of the University Federico ll of Naples (Italy), private practice Gi.Ma Eye Center, Naples (ltaly)

Methods:

The study design is retrospective interventional. All patients with congenital and developmental cataract observed from 1996 to 2013 were included. Any post-traumatic cataracts and cataracts secondary to other pathologies were excluded from the study. Minimum follow-up for inclusion was 5 years.

Results:

We included 117 patients (58 females and 59 males, mean age 1.36 ± 0.3 years, 160 eyes) operated on for congenital cataract and 73 patients (32 females and 41 males, mean age 6.63 ± 0.7 years, 121 eyes) operated on for developmental cataract. Mean postsurgical follow up was 9.26 ±1.3 years (range, 5-14 years). After surgery for developmental cataract both distance and near BCVA were greater (p=0.001), as was presence of binocular vision (p=0.001), while incidence of strabismus and myopic shift were lower (p=0.001 and p=0.02, respectively).

Conclusions:

Postsurgical functional outcomes showed to be better in developmental cataract when compared to congenital cataract.

Financial Interest:

NONE

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