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Traumatic cataracts from Syrian war

Poster Details

First Author: S.Kimyon TURKEY

Co Author(s):    A. Mete   O. Saygili                 

Abstract Details

Purpose:

To review the causes, clinic and prognosis of traumatic cataract cases from the Syrian war.

Setting:

Gaziantep University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Ophthalmology.

Methods:

The files of the patients who underwent traumatic cataract surgery because of an injury from the Syrian civil war were evaluated retrospectively. Patient age, sex, type of injury, best corrected visual aquity (BCVA), presence of a foreign body, any previous surgeries were noted. Patients with missing information were excluded from the study.

Results:

Fifty-six patients were included. Thirty of these patients were soldiers while the remaining 26 were civilians. All patients had a corneal or scleral lacerating trauma and because of this all of them had previous corneal or scleral reparation surgeries. BCVAs werelight perception to counting fingers. Anterior capsular defect was present in 15 patients, 11 patient had zonullar defect. 24 patients had intraocular foreign bodies which were metallic shrapnels from the explosions. Foreign body extraction was made by combined cataract and vitreoretinal surgery. We were able to implant 3-piece IOL in 47 cases. Postoperative mean BCVA increased significantly (p<0,001).

Conclusions:

Traumatic cataracts resulting from wars are almost always together with a lacerating injury. Any intraocular foreign bodies or a defect in the zonules must be evaluated carefully to prevent suprises during the surgery.

Financial Disclosure:

NONE

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