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Dynamic changes of the posterior pole of the eye after cataract phacoemulsification

Poster Details

First Author: M.Yugay RUSSIA

Co Author(s):    A. Ryabtseva   O. Andryukhina                 

Abstract Details

Purpose:

To study the effect of uncomplicated phacoemulsification through the corneal incision with implantation of a intraocular lens (IOL) for changes in the macular region of the retina.

Setting:

Moscow Region Scientific Research Clinical Institute

Methods:

The study included 45 eyes of 45 patients who underwent uncomplicated phacoemulsification with IOL implantation. The average age of the patients was 68,1 �Â�± 2,3 years, among them 24 women and 21 men. Exclusion criteria were retinal pathology (postthrombotic and diabetic retinopathy, wet form of age-related macular degeneration and other diseases of the retina), previous eye injuries, uveitis, intra-operative complications. Retinal thickness in the fovea, the macula, and macular volume were measured by optical coherence tomography on the first day, after 2 weeks, 1 and 3 months after surgery.

Results:

In the period between the first day and two weeks after surgery statistically significant increase in retinal thickness in the macula from 307,64 �Â�± 21,15mkm to 322,46 �Â�± 27,83mkm (p <0.05), in the fovea from 212,45 �Â�± 20,24mkm to 219, 69 �Â�± 17 , 84mkm (p <0.05), macular volume from 8,08 �Â�± 0,35 mm cube to 8,46 �Â�± 0,54mm cube were registered. After 3 months, the maximum thickness of the retina reached 3245,11 �Â�± 26,13 m, in the fovea 219,31 �Â�± 18,63mkm, macular volume 8,55 �Â�± 0,49 mm cube.

Conclusions:

There is an increase of macular volume and retinal thickness in the period between the first day and two weeks after uncomplicated cataract phacoemulsification with intraocular lens implantation. The growth of these indicators continued within the first month after surgery, three months after phacoemulsification there is a downward trend.

Financial Disclosure:

NONE

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