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The effect of cyclosporine-A 0.05% emulsion on the ocular surface and corneal sensation in post-cataract surgery

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Session Details

Session Title: Presented Poster Session: Complications Management in Cataract Surgery

Venue: Poster Village: Pod 1

First Author: : A.Anbari UK

Co Author(s): :    M. Al Dreihi   S. Hamada           

Abstract Details

Purpose:

To assess the effect of cyclosporine-A (CsA) 0.05% ophthalmic emulsion on corneal sensation and ocular surface problems following cataract surgery.

Setting:

Queen Victoria Hospital UK

Methods:

Prospective, randomized, double masked clinical trial was performed on a consecutive case series of patients attending for bilateral cataract surgery. Subject’s eyes were randomized to receive either topical CsA or carboxymethylcellulose 0.5% (CMC) eye drops twice daily for one month following routine cataract surgery. Subjective and objective assessments were performed pre-operatively, one week and one month after surgery. Primary safety parameters included best spectacle-corrected visual acuity and incidence of adverse events. Objective assessments included tests of tear film (osmolarity, break-up time, and Schirmer’s type-I test), ocular surface staining, corneal sensitivity and subjective assessment: ocular surface disease index questionnaire.

Results:

30 subjects (60 eyes) were recruited. At one month following cataract surgery, osmolarity, ocular surface staining, TBUT, Schirmer’s results showed a greater improvement after CsA drops compared to CMC and this was statistically significant for all measures (p < 0.05). All corneal sensation measurements were reduced after one week and one month. Eyes receiving CsA had higher recovery of corneal sensation at both time points post-operatively and this was statistically significant at one month. OSDI questionnaire results did not show a statistically significant difference between the two eyes.

Conclusions:

CsA is effective and safe in the management of ocular surface problems after cataract surgery and allows faster recovery of corneal sensation. This recovery of sensation may be relevant to the improvement in ocular surface problems in all patients.

Financial Disclosure:

NONE

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