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THE EVALUATION OF VISUAL FUNCTIONS BY VF-14 QUESTIONNAIRE: SPECTACLES OR/VERSUS CONTACT LENSES?

Poster Details

First Author: U.Uzunel TURKEY

Co Author(s):    M. Direl   B. Yuce   T. Kusbeci   B. Yuksel     

Abstract Details

Purpose:

Purpose: To compare the visual functions of individuals with mild to moderate myopia who are wearing contact lenses with those wearing spectacles.

Setting:

Izmir Bozyaka Training and Research Hospital, Department of Ophthalmology

Methods:

Methods:. Forty participants (male/female: 13/27) with a mean age of 24±5.7 years who were being followed up at our contact lens unit included to the study. Mean time for contact lens wearing was 23.85±29.51 (6-120) months. Mean best corrected visual acuity for all patients was 10/10 binocularly. Mean refractive error was -2.98±1.18 D (ranging -2D to -5D). Whole patients were both contact lenses and spectacles wearers. The VF-14 questionnaire was administered to assess the contact lenses wearing vs. spectacles wearing impact score on general daily life of the young individuals.

Results:

Results: The mean VF-14 scores for spectacles and contact lenses were 89.5±18.7 and 96.6±9.3 respectively. The difference between the two groups was significant (p<0.000). There were significant differences between spectacles and contact lenses for these activities: watching TV, sports involvement, seeing steps/stairs, playing table games and cooking. (p=0.005, p˂0.000, p=0.003, p=0.008,p˂0.000, respectively, paired t testsThe correlation between the refractive error and VF 14 scores of contact lenses was not significant whilst the correlation between driving at night and day scores of spectacles on VF 14 was significant (Spearman’s rho=0.397 and 0.401, respectively).

Conclusions:

Conclusions: Wearing contact lenses is more favorable than spectacles in most activities during the daily life in individuals with mild to moderate myopia.

Financial Disclosure:

NONE

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