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Central corneal thickness and corneal curvature in patients with rheumatoid arthritis

Poster Details

First Author: F.Ozcura TURKEY

Co Author(s):    S. Aktas   Y. Ozkan   M. Tetikoglu   H. Sagdik     

Abstract Details

Purpose:

To determine the central corneal thickness (CCT) and corneal curvature (CC) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and to evaluate the correlations between the CCT, CC, RA activity, and RA duration.

Setting:

Department of Ophthalmology, Dumlupinar University School of Medicine, Kutahya, TURKEY

Methods:

Fifty-four RA patients (104 eyes; 35 with dry eye, 69 without dry eye) and 21 age and gender matched control patients (42 eyes) were enrolled in the study. The CCT, and CC were measured by ultrasonic pachymeter and autorefractokeratometer, respectively. RA activity was assessed using the disease activity score (DAS) 28. The independent samples t test and Pearson correlation analysis was used in the statistical analysis.

Results:

Mean CCT were found 535.88±38.24μm, 530.46±32.88μm, 538.64±40.64μm,and 543.40±40.66μm in all RA eyes, RA with dry eyes, RA without dry eyes, and control eyes, respectively. Mean keratometry readings were found 43.84±1.76D, 43.73±1.23D, 43.90±1.98D,and 43.60±1.48D in all RA eyes, RA with dry eyes, RA without dry eyes, and control eyes, respectively. There were no significantly difference in CCT (p values, 0.293, 0.134,and 0.550 respectively) and K readings (p values, 0.435, 0.681,and 0.402 respectively) between the RA and control eyes. CCT and K readings were not significantly associated with DAS (p values, 0.678,and 0.812 respectively) and RA duration (p values, 0.108,and 0.080 respectively).

Conclusions:

Our results show that CCT and CC were not significantly different between the RA and control eyes. CCT and CC were also not associated with RA activity and duration.

Financial Disclosure:

NONE

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