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Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C and HIV seroprevalence among patients admitted for cataract surgery

Poster Details

First Author: A.Celebi TURKEY

Co Author(s):    G. Mirza              

Abstract Details

Purpose:

It is aimed to investigate hepatitis B surface antigen (HbsAg), hepatitis C antibody (anti-HCV) and human immunodeficiency virus antibody (anti-HIV) seroprevalence in patients who admitted to ophthalmology outpatient clinic and underwent cataract surgery.

Setting:

Retrospective observational study- Erciyes University School of Medicine

Methods:

The medical records of 750 patients who were diagnosed as cataract and underwent cataract surgery between 1st July 2010 and 1st July 2013 in Nigde State Hospital ophthalmology department were retrospectively evaluated in terms of HbsAg, anti-HCV and anti-HIV serology using the ELISA method. The basic demographic datas such as; age of the patient and gender were evaluated retrospectively from hospital records. Descriptive statistical values were presented. The chi-square test was applied to find out the differences between sexes in terms of HBsAg, anti-HIV and anti-HCV seroprevalences.

Results:

The mean age of the 750 patients in the study was found to be 68.42 ± 10.10 y. Mean age of the female patients and male patients were 69.11 ± 10.29 y and 67.81 ± 9.89 y respectively. 5 (3 female, 2 male) patients (0.67%) were positive for anti-HCV. None of the patients had anti-HIV positivity. 23 (8 female, 15 male) patients (3.07%) were detected positive for HBsAg. There was not a statistically significant difference between male and female patients in terms of HbsAg and anti-HCV seropositivity (p> 0.05).

Conclusions:

HBsAg, anti-HIV and anti-HCV seroprevalences in this study were not found to be higher than the general population. During cataract surgery, the surgeon and assisting personnel should take protective measures with considering the possibility of transmission of viruses from each patient. FINANCIAL DISCLOUSRE: NONE

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