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First Author: C.Kanonidou GREECE
Co Author(s): E. Kanonidou V. Konidaris A. Papagianni L. Papazisis
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To evaluate the predominant symptoms in patients with blepharitis as well as the knowledge regarding its treatment.
Department of Ophthalmology, General Hospital of Veria, Veria, Greece.
63 patients (28 men) with a mean age of 57 years (SD 6.3) participated in the study. All suffered from posterior blepharitis. Break-up time and Schirmer I test, corneal fluorescein and lissamine green staining score were performed to confirm the diagnosis. The evaluation of the predominant symptoms and patients knowledge on treatment was measured using a questionnaire completed by the patients.
Regarding the predominant symptoms, responses were: Itchy eyelid in 67%, ocular itching in 33%, redness of the eyelid edge 75%, ocular redness 27%, ocular mucous secretion 84%, photophobia 23%, foreign body sensation 95%, dry eye 96%. Concerning treatment, all had tried artificial tears. 82% had no knowledge about the treatment using warm pads, cleaning the eyelid edge with baby shampoo and applying massage on the eyelid edge.
The predominant symptoms in patients with blepharitis are a sensation of foreign body and dry eye, which reflect the ocular surface disorder associated with the production of components of the eyelid tear glands. Impressive is the lack of knowledge as to the conservative treatment (warm compresses, lid scrubs, lip massage), that should alert healthcare professionals to provide better information and training to patients.