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First Author: J.Pires PORTUGAL
Co Author(s): S. Gomes Monteiro M. Sá Cardoso R. Matos M. Mariano
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To study the potential for development or worsening of dry eye syndrome in patients submitted to cataract surgery.
Department of Ophthalmology at Centro Hospitalar do Baixo Vouga, Aveiro, Portugal.
A total of 40 eyes were prospectively studied using a subjective questionnaire 1 week before and 1 week, 1 month, 3 months and 5 months after cataract surgery. Slit lamp microscope examination, cornea and conjunctiva fluorescein staining, tear meniscus height (TMH), tear break up time (tBUT) and Schirmer Test I (ST-I) were also performed at the same time.
After cataract surgery the prevalence of dry eye disease symptoms increased, with patients complaining of foreign body sensation, ocular fatigue and eye redness. Cataract extraction also caused an aggravation of the dry eye diagnostic tests with a decrease in Schirmer scores, tBUT and TMH.
This study suggests that cataract surgery can affect ocular tear production and stability, with development or deterioration of dry eye disease, highlighting the importance of timely and effective management, which may maximize patient satisfaction with the surgical outcome.