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First Author: A.Gabr SAUDI ARABIA
Co Author(s): A. Lotfy H. Zidan B. El Najjar M. Zoher A. Mistry
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To report prevalence and ocular associations of pseudoexfoliation syndrome (PXF) in patients with age-related cataract scheduled for surgery in Najran area, south Saudi Arabia
Patients with age-related cataract scheduled for surgery in King khaled hospital, Najran area, south Saudi Arabia
A retrospective comparable controlled study that included 681 consecutive patients scheduled for routine cataract surgeries in King Khaled hospital, Najran area. Full ophthalmological examination was done for all patients including visual acuity assessment, refraction, Goldmann applanation tonometry, gonioscopy, assessment of type of cataract, as well as dilated fundus examination. The data was collected and analyzed.
Pseudoexfoliation was diagnosed in 192 patients with an overall incidence of 28.19%. Ocular hypertension and glaucoma were reported in 42 patients (21.87%) in PXF group and in 21 patients (4.29%) in non-PXF group with a P value <0.001 that is highly significant. Nuclear, cortical and hypermature cataracts were more significantly associated with PXF (23.43%, 10.93% and 7.81% respectively) when compared to non-PXF (5.52%, 3.88% and 3.27% respectively). Ocular associations were reported and discussed.
Pseudoexfoliation syndrome is a common age-related disorder in patients with age-related cataract in Najran area, south Saudi Arabia with an overall incidence of 28.19%. It was found to be associated with ocular hypertension and glaucoma as well as other ocular conditions.