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10 - 12 February 2017, MECC Maastricht,The Netherlands.

This Meeting has been awarded 15 CME credits.


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Gender and refractive error

Poster Details

First Author: R. Ciumbaraite LITHUANIA

Co Author(s): M. Banevicius   R. Liutkeviciene                 

Abstract Details


The purpose of our study was to assess the distribution of refractive errors and gender.


Lithuanian University of Health Sciences


6171 children, 2926 (47.4%) boys and 3245 (52.6%) girls until 18 year old with myopia, hyperopia or astigmatism were recruited. All the children underwent complete ophthalmic examination with cycloplegic refraction.


In female gender the prevalence of myopia was overall 20.3% (95% CI: 19,.3; 21.3) (P<0.001), hyperopia was overall 39.5%, astigmatism was found in 20.1%. In male gender the prevalence of myopia was overall 15.6%, hyperopia was overall 43.4% (95% CI: 42.16; 44.64) (P<0.001), astigmatism was found in 18.9% patients which born by cesarean section.


The prevalence of refractive errors was associated gender. Myopia was associated with female gender, and hyperopia was associated with male gender.

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