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10 - 12 February 2017, MECC Maastricht,The Netherlands.

This Meeting has been awarded 15 CME credits.

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Gender and refractive error

Poster Details


First Author: R. Ciumbaraite LITHUANIA

Co Author(s): M. Banevicius   R. Liutkeviciene                 

Abstract Details

Purpose:

The purpose of our study was to assess the distribution of refractive errors and gender.

Setting:

Lithuanian University of Health Sciences

Methods:

6171 children, 2926 (47.4%) boys and 3245 (52.6%) girls until 18 year old with myopia, hyperopia or astigmatism were recruited. All the children underwent complete ophthalmic examination with cycloplegic refraction.

Results:

In female gender the prevalence of myopia was overall 20.3% (95% CI: 19,.3; 21.3) (P<0.001), hyperopia was overall 39.5%, astigmatism was found in 20.1%. In male gender the prevalence of myopia was overall 15.6%, hyperopia was overall 43.4% (95% CI: 42.16; 44.64) (P<0.001), astigmatism was found in 18.9% patients which born by cesarean section.

Conclusions:

The prevalence of refractive errors was associated gender. Myopia was associated with female gender, and hyperopia was associated with male gender.

Financial Disclosure:

None

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