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Assessment of glaucoma medication compliance

Poster Details

First Author: Y.Hwang SOUTH KOREA

Co Author(s):    S. Ahn   H. Kim           

Abstract Details



Purpose:

To assess the glaucoma medication compliance and its affecting factors among glaucoma patients.

Setting:

Kim's Eye Hospital, Seoul, Korea

Methods:

This study was performed to 415 glaucoma patients who are using eye drops for glaucoma treatment by using a structured questionnaire. The degree of compliance was evaluated by using compliance score (range, 0 - 100) which was calculated based on the number of days with missing of medication per month. The degree of symptoms and complications related to the glaucoma and its medication were investigated by Glaucoma Symptom Scale (GSS). The effect of sex, age, treatment duration, knowledge about the glaucoma medication, number of eye drops, class of glaucoma medication, familial support for instillation of eye drop, and GSS on glaucoma medication compliance was assessed.

Results:

In univariate analysis, older age, longer duration of treatment, higher knowledge about the glaucoma medication, and the presence of familial support was significantly associated with a higher compliance score (P < 0.05). These factors showed significant association in multivariate analysis (P < 0.05). Sex, number and class of eye drops, and GSS did not significantly affect compliance score.

Conclusions:

Age, treatment duration, knowledge about the glaucoma medication, and familial support were affecting factors for glaucoma medication compliance. To enhance glaucoma medication compliance, these factors should be considered. FINANCIAL INTEREST: NONE

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