Copenhagen 2016 Registration Programme Exhibitor Information Virtual Exhibition Satellite Meetings Glaucoma Day 2016 Hotel Star Alliance
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10 - 14 Sept. 2016, Bella Center, Copenhagen, Denmark

This Meeting has been awarded 27 CME credits

 

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Posters

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Keratoconic cone: using its keratometry, decentration and thickness as staging parameters

Poster Details

First Author: K. Tu UNITED KINGDOM

Co Author(s):    A. Tourkmani   S. Srinivas                 

Abstract Details

Purpose:

To propose a new system of keratoconus staging using a set of parameters describing the keratoconic cone.

Setting:

Stanley Eye Unit, Abergele Hospital, United Kingdom

Methods:

Retrospective case series study of 101 keratoconic eyes of 58 patients was undertaken. They all had complete eye examination including corneal topography (Oculus Pentacam). Kmean, Kmax, higher order aberrations root mean square value (HOARMS), pachymetry at thinnest point and steepest corneal meridian were obtained from Pentacam. Apex to thinnest pachymetry distance (D) was calculated using trigonometry. Pearson correlation coefficients between Kmax and HOARMS, between D on the one hand and the adjusted angle of steepest meridian, Kmean and Kmax respectively on the other, were calculated.

Results:

There is a statistically significant positive correlation between Kmax and HOARMS (p<0.00001). There is a negative correlation, a “horizontalization”, of the steep meridian with D increase, although it fell short of statistical significance (p=0.07). D and Kmean (p=0.003), and D and Kmax (p=0.005) are significantly negatively correlated.

Conclusions:

Kmax correlates with significant changes in HOAs. D correlates with corneal astigmatic meridian change and has a divergent path to Kmean and to Kmax. We propose a new KDT staging using the parameters Kmax (K), distance from the corneal apex to the thinnest pachymetry point (D), and corneal thickness at its thinnest point (T) to give a better, detailed description of a keratoconic cornea which could lead to improvements in assessment of its severity and treatment outcomes.

Financial Disclosure:

NONE

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